Dental Injuries are most common aspects of the most sports and the frequency of their occurrence is most common amongst the children. In sports related Dental Injuries, dental and facial trauma are the most common emergencies that the surgeons face. The dental surgeons therefore have the very important role in the diagnosis and management of sports related Dental Injuries.
Prevention of sports related Dental Injuries
There has been the recommendation of some of the devices by the dentists so as to prevent the Dental Injuries and these devices are:
• Mouth guards.
These are the devices that can be used alone or in conjugation with one another depending upon the type of sports that one is going to play in the manner to get escape from the Dental Injuries.
In order to protect the head and ears from the injuries while sport, Helmets are the one that are preferred as they protect the skull bones from getting fractured and also helps in the prevention of acquiring paralysis or death by a person as it prevents the cerebral concussion to occur and thus the haemorrhage. There are many types of helmets that are available like hard hat, hard shell, Styrofoam and leather type that prevents the Dental Injuries to occur.
Facemasks are used in sports where there are chances of occurrence the injuries with respect to eyes, nose, nasal bone, zygomatic arches and mouth.
These are the resilient appliances that are placed inside the mouth so as to prevent the Dental Injuries from their occurrence and thus reduce the Dental Injuries with respect to teeth and their supporting structures. In the person where class I and class II malocclusion is seen the mouth guards are worn only in upper arch but in those who have the malocclusion Class III, it is necessary for them to worn the mouth guards in the lower arch to get prevented from Dental Injuries.
There is availability of three types of Mouth guards.
Type I – Stock Type
Type II – Mouth formed
Type III – Custom Fabricated
The use of mouth guards in various contact sports like boxing, football, soccer, hockey, baseball and wrestling so as to get protection from Dental Injuries.
If the person who is going for the play is a partial denture wearer then it is mandatory for him to remove this partial denture before the placement of mouth guards in his mouth ad this is necessary so as to get prevention from Dental Injuries.
Care of Mouth Guards
• They should be washed with cold or lukewarm water after each time of weariness.
• The cleaning should be done with soap and water.
• Should be stored in plastic coverage.
• Should be changed after 2-3 years.
• Should not be exposed to excess heat or cold.
• There should be no interchangeable of mouth guards between the athletes.