During the period of Pregnancy, all the steps of mother care have their direct effect upon the baby’s health whether these are good or bad. So the pregnant mother should have all the knowledge about what to avoid during Pregnancy or not.
Talking about Pregnancy and Dental Care, the treatments that are preventive in nature are very necessary during this time period because of the gum diseases that occurs frequently in this condition. In Pregnancy, all the gum diseases are common to found because of the increase in hormones levels. Cleaning of teeth should be done at regular appointments to avoid any gum disease.
What to do or don’t
In Pregnancy, all the dental care involves only some minor procedures like cavity restoration, cleaning etc. All the additional dental procedures should be avoided till the birth occurs.
In case of having any emergency treatment, 2nd trimester is best to operate like to do Root Canal Treatment or to do some Extraction. Otherwise all other procedures should be avoided like Teeth Whitening etc.
In the First Trimester of Pregnancy these extra procedures can affect the growth of baby and in the Third Trimester these procedures are risky as well as sitting for a long time is impossible for pregnant women.
Also the X-rays that are common in use for dental care are very harmful for the developing baby as these can create abnormalities in the developing baby.
Pregnancy Diseases of Oral Cavity
In Pregnancy there occur many of the dental problems and if these are not treated by providing dental care then these can complicate the birth of child. Some of the Pregnancy Diseases are:
1. Pregnancy Gingivitis
: In Pregnancy Gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and they bleed easily even on slight touching. Gingivitis is common to found in any person but in Pregnancy due to increase in the level of hormones i.e. progesterone and estrogen these symptoms are easy to find as the blood circulation rises in gums and the whole body.
2. Pregnancy Periodontal diseases
: If the gingivitis in Pregnancy is not cured by proper dental care then this can lead to further gum destruction leading to periodontal diseases. Teeth can become loose in the socket leading to great mobility indicating bone loss. This can lead to Pregnancy complications like having the labor pains before the given time or low weight of baby after birth.
3. Pregnancy Tumors
: All the above mention diseases finally end in forming tumor which is known as the Pregnancy Tumor. This can be removed by dentist according to the conditions or otherwise it is very difficult for the pregnant woman to eat something or even drink.
At Home Dental Care
- Brush twice with fluoridated tooth paste.
- Use floss regularly.
- Visit dentist for oral prophylaxis.
- Avoid much of sugar intake.
- Use antibacterial mouthwash.
- Eat a healthy diet.