Root Canal Treatment or RCT is the treatment of choice when the pulp of the tooth gets infected by he bacteria. There are mainly three parts of the tooth that is enamel, dentin and then pulp. It takes several years by the microbes to reach the pulp after necrotising the enamel and dentin layers but this procedure can be fast when the conditions are very favourable for the microbes to grow on. Like there is no oral hygiene present or the sugar intake is very high by the person.
Root canal Treatment involves many steps as the treatment involves the clearing out of pulp tissues through the canals of the tooth. The canals are the very narrow passages that are present in the roots of teeth. There can be abnormalities in some of the roots of tooth having more than one canal. This can only be diagnosed with the help of x-rays or with endoscope.
In the first step of Root Canal Treatment there comes access cavity preparation that leads to pulp chamber and then the way of canals can be seen by accomplishing this step. Then in the next step of Root Canal Preparation the files that are made of nickel titanium are taken and the smallest sized file is used for taking the length of all the roots of the teeth. This step in Root Canal Treatment is necessary as to determine the length of filling material in the canal because the over length can cause irritation to the below periapical area and the short length can be responsible for the collection of microbes in the remaining area of canal and thus there can be chances of infection.
As the next step of Root Canal Preparation biomechanical preparation is done with respect to canals and for this the files are used in the increasing number line by line. The irrigation is very necessary in this step as to remove the debris and also regurgitation is very necessary. In this before using big number file the debris is removed by small number file that is used previously.
In the next step of Root Canal Treatment the filling material that is Gutta Percha is taken in accordance with the extent of biomechanical preparation that has been done and then it is sealed with some sealer and the cutting of extra material is done with some hot instrument. All these steps of Root Canal Preparation can be verified with the help of x-rays or endoscopes.
After being done with the Root Canal Treatment procedure there is given some permanent filling on the upper portion of the tooth and then crown is being given so as to increase the duration of filling.
The cost of Root Canal Treatment may vary from $1000 to $1500 but the crown that is given on the teeth is charged on other bases also the filling material that has been selected for coronal filling can vary the cost.
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